GRBL Error 33: G-Code Arc Tolerances

After figuring out how two-place decimal fractions caused this blooper, I had to poke into the debris field surrounding the crash:

Tek CC - top deck - failed arcs
Tek CC – top deck – failed arcs

The bCNC Terminal trace stops at the first failure, so I set GCMC to produce two-place fractions (“Number of decimals less than 3 severely limits accuracy”), then rammed the NGC file’s G-Code into a spreadsheet:

Spreadsheet - GCMC 2 digit - full path
Spreadsheet – GCMC 2 digit – full path

The last two columns (perhaps you must open the image in a new tab to see the whole thing) compute the GRBL error values: the absolute difference between the two radii and that difference as a fraction of the radius. The R Error header under Start should be X, of course; I’ll regenerate the images for the DM column.

The reduced accuracy of the two-digit fractions triggers the error marked by the red cells, where the radii differ by 0.0082 mm (>0.005) and the relative error is 0.17% (>0.1%).

Suppressing the first failed arc by passing the same starting point to the next arc simulates the second failure:

Spreadsheet - GCMC 2 digit - suppress first failed arc
Spreadsheet – GCMC 2 digit – suppress first failed arc

Similarly, the third arc from the same point fails:

Spreadsheet - GCMC 2 digit - suppress second failed arc
Spreadsheet – GCMC 2 digit – suppress second failed arc

The fourth arc becomes a full circle and produces the circular gash across the deck:

Spreadsheet - GCMC 2 digit - suppress third failed arc
Spreadsheet – GCMC 2 digit – suppress third failed arc

Two digits definitely aren’t enough!

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  1. GRBL Error 33: Arc Coordinates vs. Decimal Places | The Smell of Molten Projects in the Morning

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