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Posts Tagged M2

MPCNC: Re-Improved Endstop Switch Mount

As part of entombing the endstop PCBs in epoxy, I tweaked the switch mounts to (optionally) eliminate the screw holes and (definitely) rationalize the spacings:

MPCNC MB Endstop Mount - No screws

MPCNC MB Endstop Mount – No screws

The sectioned view shows the cable tie slot neatly centered between the bottom of the switch terminal pit and the EMT rail, now with plenty of meat above the cable tie latch recess. The guide ramp on the other side has a more-better position & angle, too.

A trial fit before dabbing on the epoxy:

MPCNC - Endstop Mount for epoxy coating - trial fit

MPCNC – Endstop Mount for epoxy coating – trial fit

The 3M black foam tape works wonderfully well!

After the epoxy cures, it’s all good:

MPCNC - Epoxy-coated Endstop - Installed

MPCNC – Epoxy-coated Endstop – Installed

The OpenSCAD source code as a GitHub Gist:

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MPCNC: Endstop Mount, Now With Recess

There being nothing like a new problem to take your mind off all your old problems, now there’s a cable tie latch recess:

X min endstop - recessed cable tie latch

X min endstop – recessed cable tie latch

A sectioned view of the model shows the layout:

MPCNC MB Endstop Mount - latch recess

MPCNC MB Endstop Mount – latch recess

On the other side, a ramp helps bend the tie toward the MPCNC rail:

X min endstop - recessed strap

X min endstop – recessed strap

Which looks thusly in the realm of applied mathematics:

MPCNC MB Endstop Mount - strap recess

MPCNC MB Endstop Mount – strap recess

I’ll leave the OpenSCAD code to your imagination, because the endstop block turns out to be a bit small for the recesses. Eventually, they need a dust cover and some cleanup.

So, there!

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Prototype Board Holder: Now With Mounting Holes and Common Board Sizes

The folks I’ve been coaching through their plotter build project showed it off at the local MiniMakerFaire this past weekend. Next time around, I’ll insist they secure their circuit boards and use good wiring techniques, so as to avoid destroying more stepper drivers.

To that end, adding mounting holes to my proto board holder seems in order:

Proto Board Holder 90x70 - Flange mounting holes - Slic3r preview

Proto Board Holder 90×70 – Flange mounting holes – Slic3r preview

The board dimensions now live in an associative array, so you just pick the board name from a Configurator drop-down list:

/* [Options] */

PCBSelect = "ArdUno"; // ["20x80","40x60","30x70","50x70","70x90","80x120","ArdDuemil","ArdMega","ArdPro","ArdUno","ProtoneerCNC"]

PCB_NAME = 0;
PCB_DIMENSION = 1;

PCBSizes = [
  ["40x60",[40,60,1.6]],
  ["30x70",[30,70,1.6]],
  ["50x70",[50,70,1.6]],
  ["20x80",[20,80,1.6]],
  ["70x90",[70,90,1.6]],
  ["80x120",[80,120,1.6]],
  ["ArdDuemil",[69,84,1.6]],
  ["ArdMega",[102,53.5,1.6]],
  ["ArdPro",[53,53.5,1.6]],
  ["ArdUno",[69,53.1,1.6]],
  ["ProtoneerCNC",[69,53.1,1.6]],
];

Which seems easier than keeping track of the dimensions in comments.

You can now put the PCB clamp screws and mounting holes on specific corners & sides, allowing oddball locations for Arduino boards with corner cutouts along the right edge:

Proto Board Holder ArdUno - Slic3r preview

Proto Board Holder ArdUno – Slic3r preview

A “selector” notation separates the hole location from the board dimensions & coordinates:

ScrewSites = [
//  [-1,1],[1,1],[1,-1],[-1,-1],        // corners
//  [-1,0],[1,0],[0,1],[0,-1]           // middles
  [-1,1],[-1,-1],[1,0]                  // Arduinos
];

Might not be most obvious way, but it works for me. Most of the time, corner clamps seem just fine, so I’m not sure adding the clamp and mounting hole locations to the dimension array makes sense.

The OpenSCAD source code as a GitHub Gist:

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Mostly Printed CNC: Endstop Mount

Being a big fan of having a CNC machine know where it is, adding endstops (pronounded “home switches” in CNC parlance) to the Mostly Printed CNC axes seemed like a good idea:

MPCNC - X min endstop - actuator view

MPCNC – X min endstop – actuator view

All the mounts I could find fit bare microswitches of various sizes or seemed overly complex & bulky for what they accomplished. Rather than fiddle with screws and nut traps / inserts, a simple cable tie works just fine and makes the whole affair much smaller. Should you think cable ties aren’t secure enough, a strip of double stick tape will assuage your doubts.

A snippet of aluminum sheet moves the switch trip point out beyond the roller’s ball bearing:

MPCNC - X min endstop

MPCNC – X min endstop

I’m not convinced homing the Z axis at the bottom of its travel is the right thing to do, but it’s a start:

MPCNC - Z min endstop

MPCNC – Z min endstop

Unlike the stationary X and Y axes, the MPCNC’s Z axis rails move vertically in the middle block assembly; the switch moves downward on the rail until the actuator hits the block.

Perforce, the tooling mounted on the Z axis must stick out below the bottom of the tool carrier, which means the tool will hit the table before the switch hits the block. There should also be a probe input to support tool height setting.

The first mount fit perfectly, so I printed four more in one pass:

MPCNC MB Endstop Mounts - Slic3r preview

MPCNC MB Endstop Mounts – Slic3r preview

All three endstops plug into the RAMPS board, leaving the maximum endstop connections vacant:

MPCNC - RAMPS min endstop positions

MPCNC – RAMPS min endstop positions

Obviously, bare PCBs attached to the rails in mid-air aren’t compatible with milling metal, which I won’t be doing for quite a while. The electronic parts long to be inside enclosures with ventilation and maybe dust filtering, but …

The switches operate in normally open mode, closing when tripped. That’s backwards, of course, and defined to be completely irrelevant in the current context.

Seen from a high level, these switches set the absolute “machine coordinate system” origin, so the firmware travel limits can take effect. Marlin knows nothing about coordinate systems, but GRBL does: it can touch off to a fixture origin and generally do the right thing.

The OpenSCAD source code as a GitHub Gist:

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NEMA17 Motor and Bearing Mounts

As part of coaching a student (and his father!) on their incredibly ambitious build-a-plotter-from-scratch project, I suggested stealing using HP’s grit-wheel paper drive, rather than fiddling with guide rods to move either the pen carrier or the entire paper platform. Dremel sanding drums seem about the right size and they had an 8 mm shaft harvested from a defunct printer, so a pair of mounts moves the project along:

NEMA17 and Bearing Mounts - Slic3r preview

NEMA17 and Bearing Mounts – Slic3r preview

The motor mount code is a hack job from my old NEMA17 mount and the code has a lot not to like. The bearing mount puts the bearing on the proper centerline using brute force copypasta and depends on friction to hold it in place. The two models should be integrated into the same file, the shaft centerline shouldn’t involve the printed thread width, and blah blah blah:

NEMA17 motor and bearing mounts

NEMA17 motor and bearing mounts

I had him turn the shaft adapter from an aluminum rod in the mini-lathe: he’s hooked.

The OpenSCAD source code as a GitHub Gist:

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More Tommy Bar Handles

Having used a nail for far too long, this is a definite step up for my machinist vises:

Tommy Bar - machinist vise

Tommy Bar – machinist vise

The vise knob has a hole just barely passing a length of 3.4 mm = 9/64 inch mild steel rod from the Small Box o’ Cutoffs.

While I was at it, I made a handle for the parallel jaw clamps:

Tommy Bar - parallel jaw clamp

Tommy Bar – parallel jaw clamp

Those knobs pass a 3.0 mm = 1/8 inch rod, similarly sourced. Inexplicably, one clamp expected no more than a 7/64 inch rod; a brief introduction to Mr Drill Press persuaded it concerning the error of its ways.

I should have made the handles distinctively different, because they’ll get mixed up in the box of vises & clamps. Next time, fer shure!

The Tommy Bar handles use the same solid model as the Sherline Tommy Bars, with hole diameters as noted. Cyan PETG is definitely easier on the eye than red PLA, although it does fade into the background clutter around here.

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Hydrant Wrench

Just because I can:

Fire Hydrant Wrench

Fire Hydrant Wrench

The Slic3r preview shows a bit more detail:

Hydrant Wrench - Slic3r preview

Hydrant Wrench – Slic3r preview

Even an inch-thick handle wouldn’t have enough mojo for the task.

Wikipedia has the equations you need to go from the easily measured “height” (vertex to opposite side) dimension to the pentagon’s “outside radius”, which equals the radius of the circumscribed circle needed by OpenSCAD.

The OpenSCAD source code as a GitHub Gist:

Sorry ’bout that … had to do it.

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