Archive for category Software
socat man page: “Socat … establishes two bidirectional byte streams and transfers data between them”. Using it to connect minicom to the HP Z3801 (PDF user manual) GPS receiver’s serial port on the PS410 serial server goes like this:
socat pty,link=/tmp/z3801 tcp:192.168.1.40:7003 &
7003 designates the network port corresponding to serial port 3 on the PS410. The PS410 lets you give its ports any numbers you like, but that way lies madness.
You may want to run
socat in a separate terminal window for easy monitoring (use
-d -d for more details) and restarting. The PS410 closes all its network connections when updating any configuration values, pushing any ongoing conversations off the rails. Of course, one doesn’t update the configuration very often after getting it right.
It produces a device with permissions just for you:
lrwxrwxrwx 1 ed ed 10 Mar 17 18:45 z3801 -> /dev/pts/2
Whereupon you aim minicom (or whatever you like) at the device:
minicom -D /tmp/z3801
And It Just Works.
The PS410 serial port configuration:
The default Z3801 serial port setup seems to be 19200, 7 data, odd parity. I vaguely recall some serial port hackage a long time ago, with the details buried in my paper (!) notes.
Leaving the Inter Character Timeout at the default 0 creates a blizzard of network activity. Setting it to 10 ms produces slight delays during the full-screen (on an 80 character x 24 line green screen monitor, anyway) status display:
I inadvertently turned off the UPS powering the thing and the double-oven clock oscillator takes days to restabilize; the Holdover Uncertainty has been dropping slowly ever since.
Verily, it is written that a man with two clocks never knows what time it is. When one of them is a Z3801, the man has no doubt which clock is correct.
It turned out the previous version of the USB camera mount lacked sufficient griptivity to hold the ball’s position against even moderate bumps, so the upper “half” is now tall enough to hold a lock screw directly over the ball:
It doesn’t look much different:
A view from the other side:
The previous iterations used Genuine 3M foam tape, which seemed too flexy for comfort. This one sits on a bed of hot melt glue and is absolutely rigid. We’ll see how long it survives.
Tightening the cap screw requires needle-nose pliers, because the whole affair has no room for a hex key.
The OpenSCAD source code as a GitHub Gist:
Although I cannot explain why those ferrite beads lit up, it seems connecting the DE-9 shell to the serial device ground is an Extremely Bad Idea. I removed that wire from the HP 8591 spectrum analyzer cable and everything seems to work, so I’ll declare victory:
Not shown: the tangle of cables tucked behind that tidy box. You can plug a serial terminal into the DE-9 connector, but it’s much easier to use the PS410’s web interface.
It needs a static IP address to make it findable, although I also told the router to force the same address should it start up in DHCP mode:
Yeah, Google DNS, if all else fails.
The serial port overview:
I’ll go into more detail in a while about individual device setups and the scripts slurping screen shots out of them, but giving each one a useful name is a Good Idea, even though it doesn’t appear anywhere else. I changed the default Inactivity Timeout for each port from the default 100 seconds to zero, thereby preventing the PS410 from closing the connection due to inactivity:
The DTR and DSR defaults work out well; the other choices solve problems I don’t have. Indeed, the PS410 has a myriad configuration options best left in their Disabled state.
The serial parameters for each port need tweaking to suit the hardware gadget on the other end of the cable:
Flow Control applies between the PS410 and the gadget. You can choose:
- XON/XOFF – in-band characters
- RTS/CTS – RS-232 hardware signals
Somewhat to my surprise, It Just Worked despite my blundering.
The chip reset seems remarkably slow, even at maximum VCC:
As far as I can tell, the
bitbang class handles all the setup and teardown around the actual data transfers, but it’s not clear (to me, anyway) how it interacts with the underlying hardware SPI machinery.
So, let’s add some sleepiness to the Reset code:
if self._RST is not None: self._gpio.output(self._RST, self._gpio.LOW) # Reset device time.sleep(1.0e-3) self._gpio.output(self._RST, self._gpio.HIGH) # Keep RESET pulled high time.sleep(1.0e-3)
A few milliseconds, rather than a few (hundred) microseconds, won’t make any perceptible difference.
Similarly, the Chip Select and Address (Command/Data) signals require more delay than might occur between successive Python statements:
This should do the trick, again with excessive delay:
if self._DC: self._gpio.output(self._DC, self._cmd_mode) time.sleep(1.0e-3) ... snippage ... if self._DC: self._gpio.output(self._DC, self._data_mode) time.sleep(1.0e-3) ... snippage ... if self._CE: gpio.output(self._CE, gpio.LOW) # Active low time.sleep(1.0e-3) ... snippage ... if self._CE: gpio.output(self._CE, gpio.HIGH) time.sleep(1.0e-3)
Although it shouldn’t be necessary, I blew away the
pyc files to prevent future confusion over who’s doing what with which.
Once again, this will require several weeks to see whether the situation changes for the better.
Gastón sent me a note describing how he got serial communications working with an old-school HP 54600-series oscilloscopes. After swapping some hints and tests, it’s worth recording so I (and, perhaps, you!) can make use of it the next time around:
I recently bought a 54616B for which I also bought the 54659 Measurements/Storage module. It comes with an RS232 9-pin port and that, besides the possibility to have the full plethora of additional measurements including FFT, made me buy it.
I saw I had the same problem you had by that time (the oscilloscope printed alright through the serial port but utterly ignored all of the commands I sent to it) so, as I found a solution, I thought it would be nice to share it with you as you share all of your doings with many people on the web.
I discovered that the real problem was not in the interface but in the documentation (go figure, huh!). The terminator character must be, instead of a NL, a semicolon. The NL terminator is probably still valid for the GP-IB interface.
I have tested this setup at 19200 baud, “DTR” flow control on the scope side and a generic USB-Serial converter (Cypress semiconductor) plus a null modem cable and it worked just fine. The software on my PC is Windows 7, but I am running an Xubuntu Xenial under Virtualbox and did the tests using minicom.
Sending NLs did not seem to affect the communication at all but be aware that the error handling routines on the scope side are not the best, meaning that most probably after some errors or just one (which you will see emerge on the scope screen) you will need to reboot the scope to be able to communicate again. No big deal but it could be annoying.
This is a sample of a command sequence to measure the frequency of the calibrator connected to the Channel 1 input:
the answer was, in my case:
Let me know if it works for you, or if I can be of any help.
Which knocked me out of my chair!
That’s the first time the scope’s serial output pin produced a different voltage in the last, uh, three decades! [grin]
You’re absolutely right about the command parser: it falls off the rails at the slightest provocation and leaves no suicide notes behind.
Gingerly following your technique, I found the scope’s serial interface must be in its “connected to computer” mode; the printer & plotter modes (not surprisingly) don’t respond to commands.
Even with that, I’m unable to get a consistent response to (what seem to be) correctly formatted commands. If I send some
*RST;commands, eventually it’ll reset, but I sometimes can’t get anything back from status inquires like
*SRE?;and so forth.
Sometimes, a linefeed (Ctrl-J) works as a terminator, sometimes it doesn’t. Even with a semicolon at the end of the command, it sometimes responds only after a Ctrl-J. Recovering from errors seems to require a random number of successive
;and linefeed characters.
What definitely doesn’t work: a normal carriage return + linefeed combination! I think that explains my complete lack of success many years ago, as I probably used a terminal program that automatically sent CR+LF at the end of each line.
However, it’s now doing something in response to serial commands, which it never did before.
The only way to use the interface will be with a (tediously debugged) program sending a preset command sequence and receiving a known series of responses. Hand-carving a series of commands just won’t work.
Gastón did a bit more poking around:
It seems that the implementation for the different oscilloscopes of the same family was different. This was to be expectable but I didn’t think it would be *so* different.
In my case, as said, linefeed does nothing at all. This weekend I will try (just for grins of course) to use linefeeds interspersed with the letters of a single command to see to what extent they are ignored.
In my opinion, the inconsistent response you get could have to do with the implementation of the interface on the computer side, or even marginal baud rate or jitter. I had to resort to the Xubuntu-within-Virtualbox-within-Windows7 just because I couldn’t get a consistent communication from Windows 7 alone from my “usual” laptop. I tried another laptop with Xubuntu as OS and the serial port worked only up to 9600 baud, and with some errors from time to time, shown as “Override error” and “RS232 Protocol Error” on the scope screen. From this ones, the oscilloscope did recover without problems. Parser ones in my case are fatal every time. They show as “Unknown Header” and that’s a death signal. The oscilloscope functionality, though, is not affected in any way.
Just as an aside, my HP 54659A interface uses a Philips SCN2661AC1A28 as UART.
I agree with you regarding to the way to use it is with a program that only sends the right sequence of commands and receives in turn a known series of responses. Back in the ’90s I worked with a functional level board tester which used several HPIB-managed instruments (HP3314 arbitrary waveform generator, two programmable power supplies), a couple others with VXI bus, among which there was a display-less version of an HP545xx oscilloscope. That beast was managed from an IBM PS/2 model 70 (a 486 based one) with National Instruments interface boards. Not a hobby setup in any way. Every single time I managed to send the wrong command to the oscilloscope, I had to reboot both the board tester rack and the PC… so the parser’s lack of humor is not exclusive of the 546xx series :).
Even with a fully debugged command sequence, sometimes the oscilloscope decided to act up… this last didn’t happen very often but when it did, it was extremely annoying for the tester operator as the sequence was a lengthy one (about 10 minutes per board) and when it failed, it meant sometimes half an hour of time lost, between recognition of a tester failure (and not simply a board that required multiple test retries and thus took longer than usual), reboot of both instruments rack and computer, and rerun.
And a followup which may discourage all but the stout of heart:
To add to the general confusion, I tried with Ctrl-J instead of a semicolon, and the commands are accepted too. It seems that my tty terminal setup is not as good as I thought it was.
The semicolon, from what I have been reading, is a command separator within a line and perhaps that is why it is accepted as readily as the linefeed. I did test sending newlines between the characters and I got a “Syntax Error” in the scope screen from which the only way to recover was an oscilloscope reboot.
Page 1-12 from the Programmer’s Guide (54600-97032) may be of interest (clicky for more dots):
The bottom line seems to be it’s possible to control the scope through the serial port, but it ain’t pretty!
My old Kermit program continues to slurp screen shots out of the scope, which suffices for my simple needs.
Good luck if you have more complex needs!
A laptop-style power brick supplies 24 V for the MPCNC’s stepper motors, but I didn’t want it wandering around on the Basement Laboratory floor and getting in trouble, so a pair of brackets seemed in order:
They build flat on their backs to avoid support material:
The nicely rounded corners produce a very thin line of plastic on the first layer, so the model now has thicker base plates to improve the situation. A set of mouse ears would keep the tips pasted to the glass.
The OpenSCAD source code as a GitHub Gist:
This will eventually end up on a board supporting the GRBL controller box:
It’s a direct cut-n-paste descendant of the old NEMA motor mount.
The nut threads onto the connector behind the bulkhead, so you must either wire it in place or make very sure you can feed all the terminations through the hole:
Given the previous hairball, I think in-situ soldering has a lot to recommend it:
The OpenSCAD source code as a GitHub Gist: