Replacing the 22 pF series capacitor with a variable cap went smoothly after I got over having to rip-and-replace the adjacent socket and header, too:
The circuit remains the same, plus a test point to simplify measuring the actual capacitance:
I didn’t add a jumper to disconnect the crystal fixture, because (I think) it would add too much uncontrolled stray capacitance: removing the header would disconnect the socket / header wires.
The little red cap adjusts from (nominally) 3 pF to 28 pF over half a turn, without a stop. The rotor does have a marked side, but basically you’re supposed to tune for best picture and leave it at that.
The AADE L/C meter works fine, but in the low pF range everything affects the reading. The only way to measure the actual capacitance seems to be:
- Clip one lead to the top of the 24 Ω terminating resistor
- Hold the other within a millimeter of the test point pin
- Zero the meter, note any residual offset
- Touch clip lead to test pin
- Note reading, mentally subtract residual offset
The as-installed range spans 6.5 pF to 28 pF. I think I can measure it to within ±0.05 pF, with a considerable dependence on maintaining the same pressure on the clip lead.
I suppose if you were doing this for real, you’d throw another Teledyne relay at the problem.