Just for fun, I measured the J5 V2 flashlight’s current, by the simple expedient of unscrewing the cap and bridging the battery-to-case-threads gap with a multimeter:
- High: 3 A
- Medium: 1.5 A
- Low: 0.7 A
As nearly as I can tell, they’re connecting the 18650 cell directly across the LED for High and PWM-ing it down to 50% and 25%. The PWM frequency is low enough to be visible during eye saccades and flashlight motions.
The flashlight knows how to do all five modes without its tail cap, so the controller + FET must live behind the LED. I can’t tell if the switch in the tail cap is just a dumb pushbutton (with, it seems, a surprising & ill-controlled resistance) or doing something clever with resistive levels (because the resistance varies with each push); at some point this thing will fail in an amusing manner and I’ll take it apart to find out.
The High setting dissipates 11 W (!) that pushes the flashlight well beyond uncomfortably warm within five minutes, so that’s not a useful long-term setting. The little alien egg beside the LED melted into a puddle during those five minutes; at least it won’t be moving anywhere else.
Setting it to Low = 25% PWM duty cycle = 0.7 A (average, sorta-kinda), a freshly charged 18650 cell lasts for about five hours down to 3.6 V, which is pretty close to the cell’s 3.4 A·h rating (kinda-sorta, ignoring the decreasing cell voltage, etc). That suggests Medium would last maybe two hours, tops, and there’s not enough heatsinking to discover how long High would last.
After 8.5 hours the cell was down to 3.2 V and the LED was, as you’d expect, rather dim. You could click to High for more light, of course, trading off runtime for brightness.
The square LED emitter array produces a square light pattern that’s not aligned with the flats on the body, so if you happened to be thinking of clamping a holder onto those flats, be prepared for some custom rotation to align the pattern with the outside world. That obviously doesn’t matter in a hand-held flashlight, but a bike headlight might look weird.
The zoom slider goes from a focused square (at full extension) to a well-filled round disk (at minimum length) with a diameter about five times the square’s side. I think the smooth zoom motion comes from grease-on-O-ring viscosity rather than precision machining.
The original back of the envelope data: