Archive for May 11th, 2018

MPCNC: Tweaked GRBL Config

These GRBL configuration constants seem to work well with the DW660 router in the MPCNC gantry:

The overall XY travel is slightly smaller than the initial configuration, because the router sticks out further than the penholder I’d been using. Increasing the $27 Homing Pulloff distance to 3 mm leaves a comfortable space beyond the limit switches after homing to the positive end:

MPCNC - X-axis endstop - home

MPCNC – X-axis endstop – home

Adjusting the $13[01] XY travel distances and switch positions on the other end of the rail leaves a similar comfort zone at the negative end:

MPCNC - X-axis endstop - X min

MPCNC – X-axis endstop – X min

Both switches now live on the rear X-axis rail and appear as seen from behind the bench; they just look backwards. The Y-axis switches are on the left rail and look exactly the same.

The XY travel works out to 630 × 460 mm = 24.8 × 18.1 inch, which is Good Enough.

Some fiddling with the Z axis limit switch tape mask produces a nice round 100 mm = 3.9 inch vertical travel. The Z-axis rails just barely clear the table at the lower limit and just barely stay in the bottom bearings at the upper limit, so it’s a near thing. In practical terms, the rails or the tool will smash into the workpiece sitting atop the table before the limit switch trips.

Setting both $20=1 Soft Limits and $21=1 Hard Limits may be excessive, but I vastly prefer having the firmware detect out-of-range moves and the hardware forcibly shut down if the firmware loses track of its position, rather than letting it grind away until I can slap the BRS. The steppers aren’t powerful enough to damage anything, of course, so it’s a matter of principle.

The $N0=F150 sets the initial speed, as the default F0 seems to (sometimes) confuse bCNC’s auto-level grid probing.

The $N1=G10L2P1X-633Y-463Z-3 sets the default G54 coordinate origin to the front-left corner, with Z=0 at the home position up top, so as to prevent surprises. I expect to use G55 for most work holder touchoffs, although we’ll see how that plays out.

The G28 and G30 settings depend on the tool change location and the Z-axis probe location, so they’re still not cast in concrete.


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