Vacuum Tube Lights: Poughkeepsie Day School Mini Maker Faire 2016

Should you be around Poughkeepsie today, drop in on the Poughkeepsie Day School’s Mini Maker Faire, where I’ll be showing off some glowy LED goodness:

21HB5A on platter - orange green
21HB5A on platter – orange green

The 5U4GB side lighted dual rectifier looks pretty good after I increased the phase between the two LEDs:

5U4GB Full-wave vacuum rectifier - cyan red phase
5U4GB Full-wave vacuum rectifier – cyan red phase

A gaggle of glowing vacuum tubes makes for a rather static display, though, so I conjured a color mixer so folks could play with the colors:

Color mixer - overview
Color mixer – overview

Three analog potentiometers set the intensity of the pure RGB colors on the 8 mm Genuine Adafruit Neopixels. A closer look at the circuitry shows it’s assembled following a freehand “the bigger the blob, the better the job” soldering technique:

Color mixer - controls
Color mixer – controls

The blended RGB color from a fourth Neopixel backlights the bulb to project a shadow of the filament on the front surface:

Color mixer - bulb detail
Color mixer – bulb detail

It’s worth noting that the three Genuine Adafruit 8 mm Neopixels have a nonstandard RGB color layout, while the knockoff 5050 SMD Neopixel on the bulb has the usual GRB layout. You can’t mix-n-match layouts in a single Neopixel string, so a few lines of hackage rearrange the R and G values to make the mixed colors come out right.

An IR proximity sensor lets you invert the colors with the wave of a fingertip to send Morse code in response to (some of) the vacuum tubes on display nearby. The sensor glows brightly in pure IR, with all the other LEDs going dark:

Color mixer - controls - IR image
Color mixer – controls – IR image

The switch sits in a little printed bezel to make it big enough to see. The slight purple glow in the visible-light picture comes from the camera’s IR sensitivity; you can’t see anything with your (well, my) unaided eyes.

The “chassis” emerged from the wood pile: a slab of laminate flooring and two strips of countertop, with a slab of bronze-tint acrylic from a Genuine IBM PC Printer Stand that had fallen on hard times quite a while ago. Bandsaw to size, belt-sand to smooth; nothing particularly precise, although I did use the Sherline for coordinate drilling:

Color mixer panel - drill setup
Color mixer panel – drill setup

That’s laying it all out by hand to get a feel for what it’ll look like and drilling the holes at actual coordinates to make everything line up neatly.

Hot melt glue and epoxy hold everything together, with foam tape securing the two PCBs. Those cap screws go into 10-32 brass inserts hammered into the laminate flooring strip.

There’s no schematic. Connect the pots to A0 through A2, wire the Neopixels in series from D8 with the bulb LED last in the string, wire the prox sensor to D9, and away you go.

It’s fun to play with colors!

The Arduino source code as a GitHub Gist:

// Color mixing demo for Mini Maker Faire
// Ed Nisley - KE4ANU - November 2016
#include <Adafruit_NeoPixel.h>
// Pin assignments
#define PIN_NEO 8 // DO - data out to first Neopixel
#define PIN_HEARTBEAT 13 // DO - Arduino LED
#define PIN_FLASH 9 // DI - flash button
#define PIN_POTRED A0 // AI - red potentiometer
#define PIN_POTGREEN A1 // AI - green potentiometer
#define PIN_POTBLUE A2 // AI - blue potentiometer
// Constants
#define PIXELS 4 // number of pixels
#define PIXEL_RED 2 // physical channel layout
#define PIXEL_GREEN 1
#define PIXEL_BLUE 0
#define PIXEL_MIX (PIXELS - 1) // pixel with mixed color
#define PIXEL_FLASH (PIXELS - 1) // pixel that flashes
// update LEDs only this many ms apart (minus loop() overhead)
// Globals
// instantiate the Neopixel buffer array
// color order is RGB for 8 mm diffuse LEDs, GRB for mixed 5050 LED at end
Adafruit_NeoPixel strip = Adafruit_NeoPixel(PIXELS, PIN_NEO, NEO_RGB + NEO_KHZ800);
uint32_t FullWhite = strip.Color(255,255,255);
uint32_t FullOff = strip.Color(0,0,0);
// colors in each LED
enum pixcolors {RED, GREEN, BLUE, PIXELSIZE};
uint32_t PotColors[PIXELSIZE];
uint32_t UniColor;
unsigned long MillisNow;
unsigned long MillisThen;
//-- Helper routine for printf()
int s_putc(char c, FILE *t) {
// Set the mood
void setup() {
digitalWrite(PIN_HEARTBEAT,LOW); // show we arrived
fdevopen(&s_putc,0); // set up serial output for printf()
printf("Color Mixer Demo for Mini Maker Faire\r\nEd Nisley - KE4ZNU - November 2016\r\n");
// set up pixels
// lamp test: a brilliant white flash on all pixels
// pixel color layout doesn't matter for a white flash
printf("Lamp test: flash white\r\n");
for (byte i=0; i<5 ; i++) {
for (int j=0; j < strip.numPixels(); j++) { // fill LEDs with white
for (int j=0; j < strip.numPixels(); j++) { // fill LEDs with black
// lamp test: walk a white flash along the string
printf("Lamp test: walking white\r\n");
for (int i=1; i<strip.numPixels(); i++) {
strip.setPixelColor(strip.numPixels() - 1,FullOff);;
MillisNow = MillisThen = millis();
// Run the mood
void loop() {
MillisNow = millis();
if ((MillisNow - MillisThen) >= UPDATEMS) { // time for color change?
PotColors[RED] = strip.Color(analogRead(PIN_POTRED) >> 2,0,0);
PotColors[GREEN] = strip.Color(0,analogRead(PIN_POTGREEN) >> 2,0);
PotColors[BLUE] = strip.Color(0,0,analogRead(PIN_POTBLUE) >> 2);
strip.setPixelColor(PIXEL_RED,PotColors[RED]); // load up pot indicators
strip.setPixelColor(PIXEL_MIX,strip.getPixelColor(PIXEL_RED) |
strip.getPixelColor(PIXEL_GREEN) |
if (LOW == digitalRead(PIN_FLASH)) { // if flash input active, overlay flash
strip.setPixelColor(PIXEL_FLASH,0x00FFFFFF ^ strip.getPixelColor(PIXEL_FLASH));
strip.setPixelColor(PIXEL_RED, 0x00FF0000 ^ strip.getPixelColor(PIXEL_RED));
strip.setPixelColor(PIXEL_GREEN,0x0000FF00 ^ strip.getPixelColor(PIXEL_GREEN));
strip.setPixelColor(PIXEL_BLUE, 0x000000FF ^ strip.getPixelColor(PIXEL_BLUE));
UniColor = 0x000000ff & strip.getPixelColor(PIXELS - 1); // hack to rearrange colors for 5050 LED
UniColor |= 0x00ff0000 & (strip.getPixelColor(PIXELS - 1) << 8);
UniColor |= 0x0000ff00 & (strip.getPixelColor(PIXELS - 1) >> 8);
strip.setPixelColor(PIXELS - 1,UniColor);; // send out colors
MillisThen = MillisNow;
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