Posts Tagged Sherline
The discussion following that post on getting feature coordinates from an existing part reminded me of an old project that I’d written up for Digital Machinist: making repair parts for the half-century old storm doors on our house. Here’s the whole latch, with a replacement drawbar and cam:
The other side of the drawbar and cam:
An early version of the drawbar that engages the latch strike and gets pulled by cam:
Three iterations on a cam; the messed-up one in the center, IIRC, helped track down an EMC2 bug:
Now that I look at it again, there’s nowhere near enough meat around that square hole for a 3D printed plastic part… so the notion of printing the complex part of the cam and adding wear bars along those ears just isn’t going to work.
I made a fixture for the Sherline CNC mill to hold the drawbar for inside milling:
Then a block screwed down in the middle clamps the drawbar in the same place for outside milling:
The square post in the left rear corner holds the cam:
Note that I had to file the square hole before milling the cam shape, which meant that if the CNC process screwed up, all that handwork went into the show-n-tell bin… which I’m not going to show you.
I used an early version of the grid-overlay technique to map out the drawbar coordinates; this was an illustration for the column:
This is a classic case of investing more time and effort creating the fixture than machining the parts.
Start by squaring up the block, which came from the end of a random chunk of smoke gray polycarbonate, with two 10-32 holes matching the tooling plate hole spacing:
Then drill-and-tap four holes:
The left station will be for drilling the blanks clamped under a sacrificial sheet, so those screw holes aren’t used for anything other than clearance; the top millimeter will get chewed up pretty quickly. The screws in the right station will clamp a stack of drilled blanks under a cover plate. If I went into production, I could see using both stations for both functions, but …
There’s a locating pip in the front left corner that works perfectly with laser alignment:
The blank sheets show where they’d be located for drilling, minus the sacrificial sheet and its clamps that you’ll see below.
The G54 coordinate system origin sits at the locating pip. The G-Code then slaps a G55 origin at each of the two stations in turn to simplify their coordinates, with offsets from M54:
- Drilling = (+5,+5)
- Milling = (+40,+5)
With all that in hand: stack, clamp, and drill some blanks:
I tried milling a single drilled blank with a sacrificial plastic top plate:
But that didn’t work well. I don’t know if this was due to an inept combination of climb milling, using the wrong speed / feed / material / cutter, and just poor style, but the edges of the blank mashed against the clamp plate and curled, instead of cutting cleanly:
So I made a pair of aluminum plates to clamp both sides of the blanks, then milled another stack:
That worked quite well, although the top and bottom clips needed some slight attention from a riffler file and I did break the edges on all the clips. This shows four new clips along with a hand-cut prototype:
So I made a dozen more clips, picked the best eight for two sets, sent one set to Dan, installed the other, and … now I have a bunch of spares.
I suppose I should sell clip sets on Etsy / eBay to all the other M2 owners, but I have no idea how to price ‘em. If you want some fancy corner clips, send whatever you think they’re worth … [grin]
The CNC version of the corner clips looks much better than the prototypes:
Tightening the screws until the clip just flattens puts enough force on the glass + heat spreader stack to hold it firmly against the balls in the bottom pad. The solid rubber L-shaped bumpers and screws hold the glass in position against XY forces… and the whole affair looks much better than the original (and perfectly serviceable) bulldog clips. These clips free up the entire surface of the glass plate, minus four 12 mm triangles that you could, if you were desperate, print right over.
Although it’d be easier to just hack out an angular clip, I wrote a bit of G-Code to put a nice radius on each corner. The clip sits atop the rubber bumper with a 0.5 mm margin to keep the metal edges away from fingers; they’re smooth, but it’s still a strip of 6 mil (= 0.15 mm) phosphor bronze and feels a lot like a knife edge if you press hard enough.
The radius on the three outside corners is a special-case solution of the general circle-through-three-points problem, taking advantage of the symmetry and right-triangle-ness of the corners. This sketch shows the details:
The two corners on the bevel over the glass plate have a fixed radius. I reworked my original fairing arc solution for outside cutting and doodled it up for this situation:
The outside corner radius worked out to 5 mm and I set the bevel radius at 3 mm. I think the latter made those corners a bit too sharp, but it’s Good Enough for my simple needs.
Drilling and machining the clips required a fixture:
I used cutter diameter compensation to mill the edges, starting oversize by 1.5 mm and working downward by 0.5 mm on each pass to the actual diameter. That gradually trimmed off the edges without any excitement, so I could start with rough-trimmed stock and not worry about precision hand trimming.
I thought climb milling (CW around the part) would produce better results, but it tended to smear the phosphor bronze against the fixture:
Conventional milling (CCW around the part) actually worked, but it required fancier entry and exit moves:
This part is the kind and size of machining perfectly suited to a Sherline CNC mill…
The LinuxCNC G-Code source:
( M2 Build Platform Corner Clips ) ( Ed Nisley - KE4ZNU - July 2013 ) ( Fixture origin at right-front corner pip ) ( Flow Control ) #<_Do_Drill> = 0 ( Drill two holes in clip ) #<_Do_Mill> = 1 ( Mill clip outline ) #<_Climb_Mill> = 0 ( 0 = conventional 1 = climb) ( Fixture info ) #<_Drill_X_Fixture> = 5.0 ( Drill station origin ) #<_Drill_Y_Fixture> = 5.0 #<_Drill_Num> = 30 ( Drill number in tool table) #<_Drill_Retract> = 15 #<_Drill_Depth> = -1.0 #<_Drill_Feed> = 300 #<_Drill_Speed> = 3000 #<_Mill_X_Fixture> = 40.0 ( Mill station origin ) #<_Mill_Y_Fixture> = 5.0 #<_Mill_Num> = 3 ( Mill number in tool table) #<_Mill_Dia> = 4.60 ( actual tool diameter) #<_Mill_Dia_Incr> = 0.50 #<_Mill_Dia_Steps> = 3 #<_Mill_Retract> = 15 #<_Mill_Depth> = -0.5 #<_Mill_Feed> = 300 #<_Mill_Speed> = 8000 (----------------) ( Initialize first tool length at probe switch ) ( Assumes G59.3 is still in machine units, returns in G54 ) ( ** Must set these constants to match G20 / G21 condition! ) #<_Probe_Speed> = 400 ( set for something sensible in mm or inch ) #<_Probe_Retract> = 1 ( ditto ) O<Probe_Tool> SUB G49 ( clear tool length compensation ) G30 ( move above probe switch ) G59.3 ( coord system 9 ) G38.2 Z0 F#<_Probe_Speed> ( trip switch on the way down ) G0 Z[#5063 + #<_Probe_Retract>] ( back off the switch ) G38.2 Z0 F[#<_Probe_Speed> / 10] ( trip switch slowly ) #<_ToolZ> = #5063 ( save new tool length ) G43.1 Z[#<_ToolZ> - #<_ToolRefZ>] ( set new length ) G54 ( coord system 0 ) G30 ( return to safe level ) O<Probe_Tool> ENDSUB (-------------------) (-- Initialize first tool length at probe switch ) O<Probe_Init> SUB #<_ToolRefZ> = 0.0 ( set up for first call ) O<Probe_Tool> CALL #<_ToolRefZ> = #5063 ( save trip point ) G43.1 Z0 ( tool entered at Z=0, so set it there ) O<Probe_Init> ENDSUB (-------------------) (-- Mill one pass around outline with tool diameter passed in #1 ) O<MillOutline> SUB #<X_Size> = 22.0 ( size of support spider pad = nominal clip size ) #<Y_Size> = 22.0 #<Base_Bevel> = 3.2 ( X or Y length of corners clipped from spider pad ) #<Bevel_Size> = 9.0 ( remaining part of trimmed edges on clip ) #<Bevel_Radius> = 3.0 ( fairing radius at bevel corners on clip) #<R_Div_Root2> = [#<Bevel_Radius> / SQRT] #<R_1M_Recip_R2> = [#<Bevel_Radius> * [1 - 1/SQRT]] #<R_Root2_M1> = [#<Bevel_Radius> * [SQRT - 1]] #<Margin> = 0.5 ( recess inside of nominal ) #<X_Min> = [#<Margin>] #<X_Max> = [#<X_Size> - #<Margin>] #<Y_Min> = [#<Margin>] #<Y_Max> = [#<Y_Size> - #<Margin>] #<Corner_Rad> = [[#<Margin> * [1 - SQRT] + [#<Base_Bevel> / SQRT]] / [SQRT - 1]] O<Climb> IF [#<_Climb_Mill>] G0 X#<X_Min> Y[#<Y_Max> + 3*#<_Mill_Dia>] G1 Z#<_Mill_Depth> F#<_Mill_Feed> G41.1 D#1 G3 X[#<X_Min>] Y#<Y_Max> I0 J[0-1.5*#<_Mill_Dia>] ( cutter comp on: entry move) G1 X[#<Bevel_Size> - #<R_Root2_M1>] G2 X[#<Bevel_Size> + #<R_1M_Recip_R2>] Y[#<Y_Max> - #<R_1M_Recip_R2>] J[0-#<Bevel_Radius>] G1 X[#<X_Max> - #<R_1M_Recip_R2>] Y[#<Bevel_Size> + #<R_1M_Recip_R2>] G2 X#<X_Max> Y[#<Bevel_Size> - #<R_Root2_M1>] I[0-#<R_Div_Root2>] J[0-#<R_Div_Root2>] G1 Y[#<Y_Min> + #<Corner_Rad>] G2 X[#<X_Max> - #<Corner_Rad>] Y#<Y_Min> I[0-#<Corner_Rad>] J0 G1 X[#<X_Min> + #<Corner_Rad>] G2 X#<X_Min> Y[#<Y_Min> + #<Corner_Rad>] I0 J#<Corner_Rad> G1 Y[#<Y_Max> - #<Corner_Rad>] G2 X[#<X_Min> + #<Corner_Rad>] Y#<Y_Max> I#<Corner_Rad> J0 G40 G0 X#<X_Min> Y[#<Y_Max> + 3*#<_Mill_Dia>] (G3 X#<Bevel_Size> Y[#<Y_Max> + 3*#<_Mill_Dia>] I0 J[1.5*#<_Mill_Dia>]) ( cutter comp off: safe exit) G0 X#<X_Min> ( return to start) O<Climb> ELSE G0 X#<X_Size> Y[#<Y_Size> + #1/2] G1 Z#<_Mill_Depth> F#<_Mill_Feed> G42.1 D#1 G1 X#<Bevel_Size> Y[#<Y_Max>] ( cutter comp on: entry move) G1 X[#<X_Min> + #<Corner_Rad>] G3 X#<X_Min> Y[#<Y_Max> - #<Corner_Rad>] I0 J[0-#<Corner_Rad>] G1 Y[#<Y_Min> + #<Corner_Rad>] G3 X[#<X_Min> + #<Corner_Rad>] Y[#<Y_Min>] I#<Corner_Rad> J0 G1 X[#<X_Max> - #<Corner_Rad>] G3 X[#<X_Max>] Y[#<Y_Min> + #<Corner_Rad>] I0 J#<Corner_Rad> G1 Y[#<Bevel_Size> - #<R_Root2_M1>] G3 X[#<X_Max> - #<R_1M_Recip_R2>] Y[#<Bevel_Size> + #<R_1M_Recip_R2>] I[-#<Bevel_Radius>] G1 X[#<Bevel_Size> + #<R_1M_Recip_R2>] Y[#<Y_Max> - #<R_1M_Recip_R2>] G3 X[#<Bevel_Size> - #<R_Root2_M1>] Y#<Y_Max> I[-#<R_Div_Root2>] J[-#<R_Div_Root2>] G2 Y[#<Y_Max> + 3*#<_Mill_Dia>] J[#<_Mill_Dia>*1.5] ( get away from corner) G40 G0 X#<X_Size> ( cutter comp off: safe exit) G0 Y[#<Y_Size> + #1/2] ( return to start) O<Climb> ENDIF O<MillOutline> ENDSUB (----------------) ( Start machining... ) G17 G40 G49 G54 G80 G90 G94 G99 ( reset many things ) G21 ( metric! ) G91.1 ( incremental arc centers) (msg,Verify: G30.1 position in G54 above tool change switch? ) M0 (msg,Verify: fixture origin XY touched off? ) M0 (msg,Verify: Current tool Z=0 touched off? ) M0 ( Set up probing) O<Probe_Init> CALL T0 M6 (---- Drill holes) O<DoDrill> IF [#<_Do_Drill>] (debug,Insert drill tool = #<_Drill_Num>) T#<_Drill_Num> M6 O<Probe_Tool> CALL (debug,Set spindle to #<_Drill_Speed> rpm ) M0 G0 X#<_Drill_X_Fixture> Y#<_Drill_Y_Fixture> G0 Z#<_Drill_Retract> G10 L20 P2 X0 Y0 Z#<_Drill_Retract> ( P2 = G55) G55 ( drill station coordinates ) G81 X5.0 Y15.0 Z#<_Drill_Depth> R#<_Drill_Retract> F#<_Drill_Feed> G81 X15.0 Y5.0 G54 O<DoDrill> ENDIF (---- Mill outline ) ( Start with large diameter and end with actual diameter to trim in stages) O<DoMill> IF [#<_Do_Mill>] (debug,Insert mill tool = #<_Mill_Num>) T#<_Mill_Num> M6 O<Probe_Tool> CALL (debug,Set spindle to #<_Mill_Speed> rpm ) M0 G0 X#<_Mill_X_Fixture> Y#<_Mill_Y_Fixture> G0 Z#<_Mill_Retract> G10 L20 P2 X0 Y0 Z#<_Mill_Retract> ( P2 = G55) G55 ( mill station coordinates ) #<PassCount> = 0 O<MillLoop> DO #<Diameter> = [#<_Mill_Dia> + [#<_Mill_Dia_Steps> - #<PassCount>]*#<_Mill_Dia_Incr>] O<MillOutline> CALL [#<Diameter>] #<PassCount> = [#<PassCount> + 1] O<MillLoop> WHILE [#<PassCount> LE #<_Mill_Dia_Steps>] ( Finishing pass with zero cut ) O<MillOutline> CALL [#<Diameter>] G0 Z#<_Mill_Retract> G54 O<DoMill> ENDIF G30 (msg,Done!) M2
The rest of the doodles, which don’t match up with the final G-Code because they represent the earliest versions of the layout:
I planned to use an old Dell Inspiron 531S AMD desktop for the LinuxCNC installation, but it turned out to have terrible interrupt latency, despite fiddling with all the available BIOS settings and video drivers. Mostly, it ran fine, but would occasionally burp up a millisecond-long latency spike for no apparent reason. So it’s now on the harvest / recycle heap.
A new-to-me off-lease Dell Optiplex 760 Core 2 Duo in the SDT (Small Desktop Tower) configuration has similar latency numbers:
What’s important here is that the latency remains rock-solid stable at those numbers. Contrary to my experience with the D520 and D525 Atoms, isolating one CPU for the real-time tasks didn’t make any noticeable difference, but it’s running that way because the overall performance isn’t a problem.
Latency around 20 μs is near the upper limit for successful software step generation at any reasonable pace; the LinuxCNC description has more details. In round numbers, running the M2 at 500 mm/s needs a 40 kHz step rate in 1/16 microstep mode = a 25 μs period, which means 20 μs of jitter wouldn’t work well at all. Which is why I’m using Mesa FPGA card to get hardware step generation: it makes such problems Go Away.
The Optiplex arrived with Windows Vista Business preinstalled; it dates back to mid-2009. I used System Rescue CD to shrink the Windows partition, added a few more, then installed LinuxCNC direct from the CD image (based on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS) and Xubuntu 13.04. The latter serves as a general-purpose installation for times when I don’t need LinuxCNC, because 10.04 is pretty much obsolete for anything other than real-time control.
Digression 1: Yes, 10.04 LTS. TheRTAI project hasn’t released the patches that will slip the real-time kernel under the stock 3.x Linux kernel: LinuxCNC remains stuck at 10.04 LTS. Those changes have been coming Real Soon Now for quite a while; as with most Open Source projects, they could use more manpower and money. This isn’t a problem, as LinuxCNC is used for motion control, not a general-purpose operating system.
The SDT case has room for two PCI cards and one PCI-E video card, so I installed the dual-head video card that couldn’t handle the U2711 monitor’s dual-DVI connection (although I’m using only DVI Output 1) and a Mesa 5i25. The middle “card” is actually a tiny PCB connected to a ribbon cable that brings out a second serial port (remember serial ports?) and what could be either or both of a PS2 keyboard or mouse connection (remember PS/2?).
The back panel has a parallel printer port (which may come in handy for something) and a serial port, although you’re expected to have USB mice and keyboards these days. The front panel even has a floppy drive…
Digression 2: LinuxCNC does not require a parallel printer port; this seems to be a common misconception among folks who don’t actually know how it works. The Mesa 5i25 FPGA card with a 7i76 step-direction daughter board provides high-resolution timing for five axes, rotary encoder inputs, a bunch of buffered digital I/O bits, a watchdog timer, plus various other useful odds and ends, all behind handy screw terminals.
The Optiplex 760 has on-board VGA-class video that would also work fine, but the monitor I’m using has its VGA input connected to the box driving the Sherline mill and an unused DVI input. Having that dual-DVI monitor card lying around, I figured I could attach the same monitor to both systems and just poke the monitor’s input section button; I’ve found KVM switches unreliable in this application.
The usual setup preps the system for public-key SSH on a nonstandard port, sets up the NFS mounts, and tweaks this-and-that: it’s running just fine.
Digression 3: SSH kvetches when you swap server boxes at the same IP address, as well it should. If you’re foolish enough to have two separate Linux installs on the same box with the same IP, SSH reminds you every time you boot the other distro…
Now that Google encrypts your search terms (so they can sell the results to their customers), it’s harder to determine where folks come from. WordPress does report whatever search terms it can, though, and a recent search for
plastic kitchen sink strainer caught my eye.
Here’s what you get (or, at least, what I got on that day) by feeding those words into Google Image Search:
Search engine optimization like that is to die for, eh?
The related post described a cleanup operation that didn’t really achieve very much in the long run:
Some years ago I machined a pair of smoke gray acrylic sink strainers (using LinuxCNC / EMC2 loops and trig functions) on the Sherline and wrote it up for my Digital Machinist column. They came out quite nicely:
Then I did a 3D printed version on the Thing-O-Matic:
Which produced a note about small features and another Digital Machinist column, of course.
Subtractive machining is definitely the right hammer for some jobs…
Turns out that there’s no difference between the Mac and PC versions of the Logitech Dual Action Gamepad:
I picked up a Mac version cheap from the usual eBay seller and discovered that LinuxCNC / HAL was perfectly happy. That wasn’t too surprising; they have the same model and part numbers. Most likely, the only difference was the CD and maybe the Quick Start Guide that I didn’t get in the opened retail box…
So now I have either a hot backup for the Joggy Thing or one for a different box.
Most likely, it was cheap because nobody wants a blue-and-black peripheral next to their shiny white Mac…
Here’s a combined and sorted list of all the G-Code and M-Code commands for (as many of) the Free Software G-Code interpreters (that I could find) relevant to DIY 3D printing. With any luck, I now know:
- What a given command does
- What other interpreters do with that command
The short descriptions come from tables on the original source pages, perhaps with a bit of massaging to make things more uniform; I did as little rearranging and editing as possible.
If you see anything wrong or have another G-Code interpreter I should include, let me know…
3D Printer G-Code and M-Code Commands 27 Feb 2013 Ed Nisley - KE4ZNU V3 - NIST RS274NGC V3- http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=823374 LC - LinuxCNC - http://www.linuxcnc.org/docs/2.5/html/ RG - ReplicatorG - http://replicat.org/gcodes and /mcodes JF - Jetty Firmware - http://replicat.org/mcodes at bottom RR - RepRap - http://reprap.org/wiki/G_codes (cross-linked from many G-Code pages) MF - Marlin Firmware dialect of RR (via Dan Newman) G0 LC Coordinated Straight Motion Rapid G0 MF same as G1 G0 RG Rapid Motion G0 RR Rapid move G0 V3 rapid positioning G1 LC Coordinated Straight Motion Feed Rate G1 MF Coordinated Movement X Y Z E G1 RG Coordinated Motion G1 RR Controlled move G1 V3 linear interpolation G2 LC Coordinated Helical Motion Feed Rate G2 MF CW ARC G2 RG Arc - Clockwise G2 V3 circular/helical interpolation (clockwise) G3 LC Coordinated Helical Motion Feed Rate G3 MF CCW ARC G3 RG Arc - Counter Clockwise G3 V3 circular/helical interpolation (counterclockwise) G4 LC Dwell G4 MF Dwell S<seconds> or P<milliseconds> G4 RG Dwell G4 RR Dwell G4 V3 dwell G5.1 LC Quadratic B-Spline G5.2 LC NURBs Block Open G5.3 LC NURBs Block Close G7 LC Diameter Mode (lathe) G8 LC Radius Mode (lathe) G10 LC L10 Set Tool Table, Calculated, Workpiece G10 LC L11 Set Tool Table, Calculated, Fixture G10 LC L1 Set Tool Table Entry G10 LC L20 Coordinate System Origin Setting Calculated G10 LC L2 Coordinate System Origin Setting G10 RG Create Coordinate System Offset from the Absolute one G10 RR Head Offset G10 V3 coordinate system origin setting G17 LC Arc plane XY G17 RG Select XY plane (default) G17 V3 XY-plane selection G17.1 LC Arc plane UV G18 LC Arc plane ZX G18 RG Select XZ plane (not implemented) G18 V3 XZ-plane selection G18.1 LC Arc plane WU G19 LC Arc plane YZ G19 RG Select YX plane (not implemented) G19 V3 YZ-plane selection G19.1 LC Arc plane VW G20 LC Unit of Measure - inch G20 RG Inches as units G20 RR Set Units to Inches G20 V3 inch system selection G21 LC Unit of Measure - millimeter G21 RG Millimeters as units G21 RR Set Units to Millimeters G21 V3 millimeter system selection G28 LC Go to Predefined Position G28 MF Home all Axis G28 RG Home given Axes to maximum G28 RR Move to Origin G28 V3 return to home G28.1 LC Store Predefined Position G29-G32 RR Bed probing G30 LC Go to Predefined Position G30 RG Go Home via Intermediate Point (not implemented) G30 V3 return to secondary home G30.1 LC Store Predefined Position G31 RG Single probe (not implemented) G32 RG Probe area (not implemented) G33 LC Spindle Synchronized Motion G33.1 LC Rigid Tapping G38.2 LC Probe toward, stop on contact, error G38.2 V3 straight probe G38.3 LC Probe toward, stop on contact G38.4 LC Probe away, stop on release, error G38.5 LC Probe away, stop on release G40 LC Cancel Cutter Compensation G40 V3 cancel cutter radius compensation G41 LC Cutter Compensation - left G41 V3 start cutter radius compensation left G41.1 LC Dynamic Cutter Compensation - left G42 LC Cutter Compensation - right G42 V3 start cutter radius compensation right G42.1 LC Dynamic Cutter Compensation - right G43 LC Use Tool Length Offset from Tool Table G43 V3 tool length offset (plus) G43.1 LC Dynamic Tool Length Offset G49 LC Cancel Tool Length Offset G49 V3 cancel tool length offset G53 LC Motion in Machine Coordinate System G53 RG Set absolute coordinate system G53 V3 motion in machine coordinate system G54-G59 RG Use coordinate system from G10 P0-5 G54 LC Select Coordinate System 1 G54 V3 use preset work coordinate system 1 G55 LC Select Coordinate System 2 G55 V3 use preset work coordinate system 2 G56 LC Select Coordinate System 3 G56 V3 use preset work coordinate system 3 G57 LC Select Coordinate System 4 G57 V3 use preset work coordinate system 4 G58 LC Select Coordinate System 5 G58 V3 use preset work coordinate system 5 G59 LC Select Coordinate System 6 G59 V3 use preset work coordinate system 6 G59.1 LC Select Coordinate System 7 G59.1 V3 use preset work coordinate system 7 G59.2 LC Select Coordinate System 8 G59.2 V3 use preset work coordinate system 8 G59.3 LC Select Coordinate System 9 G59.3 V3 use preset work coordinate system 9 G61 LC Path Control Mode - exact path G61 V3 set path control mode: exact path G61.1 LC Path Control Mode - exact stop (same as G61) G61.1 V3 set path control mode: exact stop G64 LC Path Control Mode - Optional Tolerance G64 V3 set path control mode: continuous G73 LC Drilling Cycle with Chip Breaking G76 LC Multi-pass Threading Cycle (Lathe) G80 LC Cancel Motion Modes G80 V3 cancel motion mode (including any canned cycle) G81 LC Drilling Cycle G81 V3 canned cycle: drilling G82 LC Drilling Cycle with Dwell G82 V3 canned cycle: drilling with dwell G83 LC Drilling Cycle with Peck G83 V3 canned cycle: peck drilling G84 V3 canned cycle: right hand tapping G85 LC Boring Cycle, No Dwell, Feed Out G85 V3 canned cycle: boring, no dwell, feed out G86 LC Boring Cycle, Stop, Rapid Out G86 V3 canned cycle: boring, spindle stop, rapid out G87 V3 canned cycle: back boring G88 V3 canned cycle: boring, spindle stop, manual out G89 LC Boring Cycle, Dwell, Feed Out G89 V3 canned cycle: boring, dwell, feed out G90 LC G91 Distance Mode G90 MF Use Absolute Coordinates G90 RG Absolute Positioning G90 RR Set to Absolute Positioning G90 V3 absolute distance mode G90.1 LC Arc Distance Mode - absolute IJK G91 MF Use Relative Coordinates G91 RG Relative Positioning G91 RR Set to Relative Positioning G91 V3 incremental distance mode G91.1 LC Arc Distance Mode - incremental IJK G92.1 V3 cancel offset coordinate systems and set parameters to zero G92 LC Coordinate System Offset G92 MF Set current position to cordinates given G92 RG Define current position on axes G92 RR Set Position G92 V3 offset coordinate systems and set parameters G92.1 LC Cancel Coordinate System Offsets G92.2 LC Cancel Coordinate System Offsets G92.2 V3 cancel offset coordinate systems but do not reset parameters G92.3 LC Restore Axis Offsets G92.3 V3 apply parameters to offset coordinate systems G93 LC Feed Mode - Inverse time G93 V3 inverse time feed rate mode G94 LC Feed Mode - Units per minute G94 RG Feed rate mode (not implemented) G94 V3 units per minute feed rate mode G95 LC Feed Mode - Units per revolution G96 LC Constant Surface Speed G97 LC RPM Mode G97 RG Spindle speed rate G98 LC Canned Cycle Z Retract Mode G98 V3 initial level return in canned cycles G99 LC Canned Cycle Z Retract Mode G99 V3 R-point level return in canned cycles G161 RG Home negative G162 RG Home positive M0 LC Program Pause M0 RG Unconditional Halt (not supported on SD) M0 RR Stop M0 V3 program stop M1 LC Program Pause - optional M1 RG Optional Halt (not supported on SD) M1 RR Sleep M1 V3 optional program stop M2 LC Program End M2 RG End program M2 V3 program end M3 LC Spindle Control - clockwise ON M3 RG spindle on, CW M3 RR Spindle On, Clockwise (CNC specific) M3 V3 turn spindle clockwise M4 LC Spindle Control - counterclockwise ON M4 RG spindle on, CCW M4 RR Spindle On, Counter-Clockwise (CNC specific) M4 V3 turn spindle counterclockwise M5 LC Spindle Control - OFF M5 RG spindle off M5 RR Spindle Off (CNC specific) M5 V3 stop spindle turning M6 LC Tool Change M6 RG Tool change. This code waits until the toolhead is ready before proceeding. This is often used to wait for a toolhead to reach the its set temperature before beginning a print. ReplicatorG also supports giving a timeout with M6 P<secs>. M6 V3 tool change M7 LC Coolant Control - mist ON M7 RG coolant A on (flood coolant) M7 RR Mist Coolant On (CNC specific) M7 V3 mist coolant on M8 LC Coolant Control - flood ON M8 RG cooland B on (mist coolant) M8 RR Flood Coolant On (CNC specific) M8 V3 flood coolant on M9 LC Coolant Control - OFF M9 RG all coolants off M9 RR Coolant Off (CNC specific) M9 V3 mist and flood coolant off M10 RG close clamp M10 RR Vacuum On (CNC specific) M11 RG open clamp M11 RR Vacuum Off (CNC specific) M13 RG spindle CW and coolant A on M14 RG spindle CCW and coolant A on M17 MF Enable/Power all stepper motors M17 RG enable motor(s) M17 RR Enable/Power all stepper motors M18 MF Disable all stepper motors; same as M84 M18 RG disable motor(s) M18 RR Disable all stepper motors M20 MF List SD card M20 RR List SD card M21 MF Init SD card M21 RG open collet M21 RR Initialize SD card M22 MF Release SD card M22 RG close collet M22 RR Release SD card M23 MF Select SD file (M23 filename.g) M23 RR Select SD file M24 MF Start/resume SD print M24 RR Start/resume SD print M25 MF Pause SD print M25 RR Pause SD print M26 MF Set SD position in bytes (M26 S12345) M26 RR Set SD position M27 MF Report SD print status M27 RR Report SD print status M28 MF Start SD write (M28 filename.g) M28 RR Begin write to SD card M29 MF Stop SD write M29 RR Stop writing to SD card M30 LC Program End - exchange pallet shuttles M30 MF Delete file from SD (M30 filename.g) M30 RG program rewind M30 RR Delete a file on the SD card M30 V3 program end, pallet shuttle, and reset M31 MF Output time since last M109 or SD card start to serial M40-M46 RG change gear ratio (0 - 6) M40 RR Eject M41 RR Loop M42 MF Change pin status via gcode M42 RR Stop on material exhausted / Switch I/O pin M43 RR Stand by on material exhausted M48 LC Feed & Spindle Overrides - Enable M48 V3 enable speed and feed overrides M49 LC Feed & Spindle Overrides - Disable M49 V3 disable speed and feed overrides M50 LC Feed Override Control M50 RG read spindle speed M51 LC Spindle Override Control M52 LC Adaptive Feed Control M53 LC Feed Stop Control M60 LC Pallet Change Pause M60 V3 pallet shuttle and program stop M61 LC Set Current Tool Number M62 LC Output Control - synchronized ON M63 LC Output Control - synchronized OFF M64 LC Output Control - immediate ON M65 LC Output Control - immediate OFF M66 LC Input Control - wait M67 LC Analog Output Control - synchronized M68 LC Analog Output Control - immediate M70 RG Display message on machine, with optional timeout specified by P-code in seconds M71 RG Pause activity and display message, resuming build on button push. Optional timeout specified by P-code in seconds. If timeout is specified and no button is pushed, machine should shut down or reset. M72 RG Play a song or tone defined by the machine, by a P-code specifying a song type. Default songs are Error Sound (P0), a Ta-da sound (P1), and a warning sound (P2). all other sounds are user or machine specific, with P2 the default for unknown sounds. M73 RG Manually set build percentage. Valid P values are 0 to 100, values over 100 are rounded down to 100 M80 MF Turn on Power Supply M80 RR ATX Power On M81 MF Turn off Power Supply M81 RR ATX Power Off M82 MF Set E codes absolute (default) M82 RR set extruder to absolute mode M83 MF Set E codes relative while in Absolute Coordinates (G90) mode M83 RR set extruder to relative mode M84 MF Disable steppers until next move, or use S<seconds> to specify an inactivity timeout, after which the steppers will be disabled. S0 to disable the timeout. M84 RR Stop idle hold M85 MF Set inactivity shutdown timer with parameter S<seconds>. To disable set zero (default) M92 MF Set axis_steps_per_unit - same syntax as G92 M92 RR Set axis_steps_per_unit M98 RR Get axis_hysteresis_mm M99 RR Set axis_hysteresis_mm M100 LC through M199 User Defined M codes M101 RR Extruder on, fwd M101 RR Turn extruder 1 on Forward / Undo Extruder Retraction M102 RR Extruder on, reverse M102 RR Turn extruder 1 on Reverse M103 RR Extruder off M103 RR Turn all extruders off / Extruder Retraction M104 MF Set extruder target temp M104 RR Set Extruder Temperature M104 RR Snn set temperature in degrees Celsius M105 MF Read current temp M105 RR get extruder temperature M105 RR Get Extruder Temperature M106 MF Fan on M106 RR Fan On M106 RR turn fan on M107 MF Fan off M107 RR Fan Off M107 RR turn fan off M108 RR Set Extruder's Max Speed (Rnnn = RPM, Pnnn = PWM) M108 RR Set Extruder Speed M109 MF Wait for extruder current temp to reach target temp. M109 RR Set Extruder Temperature and Wait M109 RR Snnn set build platform temperature in degrees Celsuis M110 RR Set Current Line Number M110 RR Snnn set chamber temperature in degrees Celsius M111 RR Set Debug Level M112 RR Emergency Stop M113 RR Set Extruder PWM M114 MF Display current position M114 MF Output current position to serial port M114 RR Get Current Position M115 MF Capabilities string M115 RR Get Firmware Version and Capabilities M116 RR Wait M117 MF display message M117 RR Get Zero Position M118 RR Negotiate Features M119 MF Output Endstop status to serial port M119 RR Get Endstop Status M120 RR M121, M122 Snnn set the PID gain for the temperature regulator (not currently supported by ReplicatorG) M123 RR M124 Snnn set iMax and iMin windup guard for the PID controller (not currently supported by ReplicatorG) M126 JF use acceleration for subsequent instructions M126 RG valve open (acceleration on for subsequent instructions in the Jetty Firmware) M126 RR Open Valve M127 JF disable acceleration for subsequent instructions M127 RG valve close (acceleration off for subsequent instructions in the Jetty Firmware) M127 RR Close Valve M128 RR Extruder Pressure PWM M128 RR get position M129 RR Extruder pressure off M129 RR get range (not currently supported by ReplicatorG) M130 RR Set PID P value M130 RR set range (not currently supported by ReplicatorG) M131 RR Set PID I value M132 RR Set PID D value M133 RR Set PID I limit value M134 RR Write PID values to EEPROM M136 RR Print PID settings to host M140 MF Set bed target temp M140 RR Bed Temperature (Fast) M141 RR Chamber Temperature (Fast) M142 RR Holding Pressure M143 RR Maximum hot-end temperature M160 RR Number of mixed materials M190 MF Wait for bed current temp to reach target temp. M190 RR Wait for bed temperature to reach target temp M200 JF reset (to pick up changes) M200 MF Set filament diameter M200 RR reset driver M200 RR Set filament diameter / Get Endstop Status M201 JF set maximum rates of acceleration/deceleration M201 MF Set max acceleration in units/s^2 for print moves (M201 X1000 Y1000) M201 RR Set max printing acceleration M202 MF Set max acceleration in units/s^2 for travel moves (M202 X1000 Y1000) Unused in Marlin!! M202 RR clear buffer (not currently supported by ReplicatorG) M202 RR Set max travel acceleration M203 JF set maximum feed rates M203 MF Set maximum feedrate that your machine can sustain (M203 X200 Y200 Z300 E10000) in mm/sec M203 RR Set maximum feedrate M204 JF set default rates of acceleration M204 MF Set default acceleration: S normal moves T filament only moves (M204 S3000 T7000) im mm/sec^2 also sets minimum segment time in ms (B20000) to prevent buffer underruns and M20 minimum feedrate M204 RR Set default acceleration M205 JF set minimum feed rates and planner speed M205 MF advanced settings: minimum travel speed S=while printing T=travel only, B=minimum segment time X= maximum xy jerk, Z=maximum Z jerk, E=maximum E jerk M205 RR advanced settings M206 JF set extruded noodle diameter, extruder maximum reverse feed rate, extruder deprime, slowdown limit, and direction of extruder feed M206 MF set additional homeing offset M206 RR set home offset M207 JF set JKN Advance parameters K and K2 M207 RR calibrate z axis by detecting z max length M208 JF set extruder steps per millimeter M208 RR set axis max travel M209 JF turn acceleration planner on or off; enable or disable override of gcode temperature settings M209 RR enable automatic retract M215 JF set steps per millimeter for each axis M216 JF set maximum speed changes for each axis M220 MF S<factor in percent> set speed factor override percentage M220 RR Set speed factor override percentage M221 MF S<factor in percent> set extrude factor override percentage M221 RR set extrude factor override percentage M226 RR Gcode Initiated Pause M227 RR Enable Automatic Reverse and Prime M228 RR Disable Automatic Reverse and Prime M229 RR Enable Automatic Reverse and Prime M230 RR Disable / Enable Wait for Temperature Change M240 MF Trigger a camera to take a photograph M240 RR Start conveyor belt motor / Echo off M241 RR Stop conveyor belt motor / echo on M245 RR Start cooler M246 RR Stop cooler M300 RR Play beep sound M300 RR Snnn set servo 1 position M301 MF Set PID parameters P I and D M301 RR Set PID parameters - Hot End M301 RR Snnn set servo 2 position M302 MF Allow cold extrudes M303 MF PID relay autotune S<temperature> sets the target temperature. (default target temperature = 150C) M304 RR Set PID parameters - Bed M310 RG (filepath) logging M311 RG stop logging M312 RG (message) log message M320 RG acceleration on for subsequent instructions M321 RG acceleration off for subsequent instructions M400 MF Finish all moves M420 RR Set RGB Colors as PWM M500 MF stores paramters in EEPROM M500 RR stores paramters in EEPROM M501 MF reads parameters from EEPROM (if you need reset them after you changed them temporarily). M501 RR reads parameters from EEPROM M502 MF reverts to the default "factory settings". You still need to store them in EEPROM afterwards if you want to. M502 RR reverts to the default "factory settings". M503 MF print the current settings (from memory not from eeprom) M503 RR Print settings M999 MF Restart after being stopped by error